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ntfs.cpp

/***************************************************************************
 *   Copyright (C) 2008,2009 by Volker Lanz <vl@fidra.de>                  *
 *                                                                         *
 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify  *
 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by  *
 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or     *
 *   (at your option) any later version.                                   *
 *                                                                         *
 *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,       *
 *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of        *
 *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the         *
 *   GNU General Public License for more details.                          *
 *                                                                         *
 *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License     *
 *   along with this program; if not, write to the                         *
 *   Free Software Foundation, Inc.,                                       *
 *   51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA            *
 ***************************************************************************/

#include "fs/ntfs.h"

#include "util/externalcommand.h"
#include "util/capacity.h"
#include "util/report.h"
#include "util/globallog.h"

#include <klocale.h>
#include <kdebug.h>

#include <QString>
#include <QStringList>
#include <QFile>

#include <ctime>
#include <uuid/uuid.h>
#include <algorithm>

namespace FS
{
      FileSystem::SupportType ntfs::m_GetUsed = FileSystem::SupportNone;
      FileSystem::SupportType ntfs::m_GetLabel = FileSystem::SupportNone;
      FileSystem::SupportType ntfs::m_Create = FileSystem::SupportNone;
      FileSystem::SupportType ntfs::m_Grow = FileSystem::SupportNone;
      FileSystem::SupportType ntfs::m_Shrink = FileSystem::SupportNone;
      FileSystem::SupportType ntfs::m_Move = FileSystem::SupportNone;
      FileSystem::SupportType ntfs::m_Check = FileSystem::SupportNone;
      FileSystem::SupportType ntfs::m_Copy = FileSystem::SupportNone;
      FileSystem::SupportType ntfs::m_Backup = FileSystem::SupportNone;
      FileSystem::SupportType ntfs::m_SetLabel = FileSystem::SupportNone;
      FileSystem::SupportType ntfs::m_UpdateUUID = FileSystem::SupportNone;
      FileSystem::SupportType ntfs::m_GetUUID = FileSystem::SupportNone;

      ntfs::ntfs(qint64 firstsector, qint64 lastsector, qint64 sectorsused, const QString& label) :
            FileSystem(firstsector, lastsector, sectorsused, label, FileSystem::Ntfs)
      {
      }

      void ntfs::init()
      {
            m_Shrink = m_Grow = m_Check = m_GetUsed = findExternal("ntfsresize") ? SupportExternal : SupportNone;
            m_SetLabel = m_GetLabel = findExternal("ntfslabel") ? SupportExternal : SupportNone;
            m_Create = findExternal("mkfs.ntfs") ? SupportExternal : SupportNone;
            m_Copy = findExternal("ntfsclone") ? SupportExternal : SupportNone;
            m_Backup = SupportInternal;
            m_UpdateUUID = findExternal("dd") ? SupportExternal : SupportNone;
            m_Move = (m_Check != SupportNone) ? SupportInternal : SupportNone;
            m_GetUUID = findExternal("vol_id") ? SupportExternal : SupportNone;
      }

00070       qint64 ntfs::maxCapacity() const
      {
            return 256 * Capacity::unitFactor(Capacity::Byte, Capacity::TiB);
      }

00075       qint64 ntfs::readUsedCapacity(const QString& deviceNode) const
      {
            ExternalCommand cmd("ntfsresize", QStringList() << "--info" << "--force" << "--no-progress-bar" << deviceNode);

            if (cmd.run())
            {
                  qint64 usedBytes = -1;
                  QRegExp rxUsedBytes("resize at (\\d+) bytes");

                  if (rxUsedBytes.indexIn(cmd.output()) != -1)
                        usedBytes = rxUsedBytes.cap(1).toLongLong();

                  if (usedBytes > -1)
                        return usedBytes;
            }

            return -1;
      }

00094       QString ntfs::readLabel(const QString& deviceNode) const
      {
            ExternalCommand cmd("ntfslabel", QStringList() << "--force" << deviceNode);

            // ntfslabel writes some warning message to stderr when the filesystem is marked as
            // dirty. we don't want that message, so ignore stderr.
            cmd.setProcessChannelMode(QProcess::SeparateChannels);

            return cmd.run() ? cmd.output().simplified() : QString();
      }

00105       bool ntfs::writeLabel(Report& report, const QString& deviceNode, const QString& newLabel)
      {
            ExternalCommand writeCmd(report, "ntfslabel", QStringList() << "--force" << deviceNode << newLabel.simplified());
            writeCmd.setProcessChannelMode(QProcess::SeparateChannels);

            if (!writeCmd.run(-1))
                  return false;

            ExternalCommand testCmd("ntfslabel", QStringList() << "--force" << deviceNode);
            testCmd.setProcessChannelMode(QProcess::SeparateChannels);

            if (!testCmd.run(-1))
                  return false;

            return testCmd.output().simplified() == newLabel.simplified();
      }

00122       bool ntfs::check(Report& report, const QString& deviceNode) const
      {
            ExternalCommand cmd(report, "ntfsresize", QStringList() << "-P" << "-i" << "-f" << "-v" << deviceNode);
            return cmd.run(-1) && cmd.exitCode() == 0;
      }

00128       bool ntfs::create(Report& report, const QString& deviceNode) const
      {
            return ExternalCommand(report, "mkfs.ntfs", QStringList() << "-f" << "-vv" << deviceNode).run(-1);
      }

00133       bool ntfs::copy(Report& report, const QString& targetDeviceNode, const QString& sourceDeviceNode) const
      {
            ExternalCommand cmd(report, "ntfsclone", QStringList() << "-f" << "--overwrite" << targetDeviceNode << sourceDeviceNode);

            return cmd.run(-1) && cmd.exitCode() == 0;
      }

00140       bool ntfs::resize(Report& report, const QString& deviceNode, qint64 length) const
      {
            QStringList args;
            args << "-P" << "-f" << deviceNode << "-s" << QString::number(length);

            QStringList dryRunArgs = args;
            dryRunArgs << "-n";
            ExternalCommand cmdDryRun("ntfsresize", dryRunArgs);

            if (cmdDryRun.run(-1) && cmdDryRun.exitCode() == 0)
            {
                  ExternalCommand cmd(report, "ntfsresize", args);
                  return cmd.run(-1) && cmd.exitCode() == 0;
            }

            return false;
      }

00158       bool ntfs::updateUUID(Report& report, const QString& deviceNode) const
      {
            char uuid[16];
            uuid_generate(reinterpret_cast<unsigned char*>(uuid));

            ExternalCommand cmd(report, "dd", QStringList() << "of=" + deviceNode << "bs=1" << "count=8" << "seek=72");

            if (!cmd.start())
                  return false;

            if (cmd.write(uuid, 8) != 8)
                  return false;

            return cmd.waitFor(-1);
      }

00174       bool ntfs::updateBootSector(Report& report, const QString& deviceNode) const
      {
            report.line() << i18nc("@info/plain", "Updating boot sector for NTFS file system on partition <filename>%1</filename>.", deviceNode);

            quint32 n = firstSector();
            char* s = reinterpret_cast<char*>(&n);

#if Q_BYTE_ORDER == Q_BIG_ENDIAN
            std::swap(s[0], s[3]);
            std::swap(s[1], s[2]);
#endif

            QFile device(deviceNode);
            if (!device.open(QFile::ReadWrite | QFile::Unbuffered))
            {
                  log() << i18nc("@info/plain", "Could not open partition <filename>%1</filename> for writing when trying to update the NTFS boot sector.", deviceNode);
                  return false;
            }

            if (!device.seek(0x1c))
            {
                  log() << i18nc("@info/plain", "Could not seek to position 0x1c on partition <filename>%1</filename> when trying to update the NTFS boot sector.", deviceNode);
                  return false;
            }

            if (device.write(s, 4) != 4)
            {
                  log() << i18nc("@info/plain", "Could not write new start sector to partition <filename>%1</filename> when trying to update the NTFS boot sector.", deviceNode);
                  return false;
            }

            log() << i18nc("@info/plain", "Updated NTFS boot sector for partition <filename>%1</filename> successfully.", deviceNode);

            return true;
      }
}

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